Oral hygiene for patients who wear braces

Why during orthodontic treatment with fixed appliance Oral hygiene is difficult?
The installation of the braces and the presence of brackets (parts glued on teeth), bands (rings cemented on teeth), wires and other accessories make increase the areas that retain the foods, thereby causing a greater accumulation of plaque .

What is plaque?
It is a film of white, gray or yellowish color that clings to teeth, around brackets and consists of food waste, microorganisms, desquamated cells. Lack of Oral hygiene causes it to become thick and hard to remove.

The type of diet interferes Oral hygiene and the proper conduct of orthodontic treatment?

Yes One should avoid the intake of sugary and sticky foods: candies, lollipops, gum, which damage the teeth, increasing the risk of caries. Also avoid eating hard foods like popcorn and peanuts and fruits like apple and pear, which must be cut in pieces, because the impact of the bite can damage the braces.                   

is true that braces stain your teeth?
No. What can happen is the lack of hygiene of the patient causing a buildup of plaque, especially around the brackets (parts glued on teeth). As plaque and food debris concentrates live microorganisms, there will be a deterioration of the enamel surface, causing white spots or brown and subsequently decay.

And in relation to the removable appliances
It is recommended, in addition to the hygiene of teeth, the appliance as often, brushing it daily with toothpaste, seeking to avoid the retention plate on the device, and the resulting taste. Each month, you can leave the device immersed in a mouthwash for 15 minutes. You should never boil the appliance

What is the recommended toothbrush

The toothbrush with bristles that is appropriate rounded and soft. Toothbrushes are on the market suitable for the hygiene of the device fixed with small tufts (unitufo, Bitufo) with bristles trimmed in a "v" to facilitate cleaning in the brackets and the two rows of bristles ("sulcus" ). The life of the toothbrushes of orthodontic patients is lower. Therefore, it must be replaced whenever necessary.

What to do with hygiene so that during orthodontic treatment with braces, tooth decay and gum do not occur to stay healthy?
Patients who wear orthodontic appliances must be as careful attention to hygiene, with constant control and Guidelines given by the orthodontist.

Which toothpaste recommended?
The toothpastes or dentifrices have cosmetic value (cream, ointment) and therapeutic value (fluoride and antibacterial substances). The dentifrices of the market contain fluorine able to inhibit the development of caries and to make the surface layers of enamel more resistant.

What is the recommended technique Brushing?
The duration of Brushing is important. There are different techniques that should be individually adjusted to each patient. The horizontal Brushing (vai-and-forth) should be avoided: it hurts the gums and causes erosion (cavities) in teeth. The movements with the brush towards the gums to the teeth, as if "sweeping" and, while massaging the gums, helps to remove plaque and keep gums healthy.

Besides toothbrush, which other procedures to improve hygiene?
The flossing is very important. You should make use of the wire passes (one agulhinha plastic), which helps pass the wire between the teeth. The use of mouthwash with fluoride solutions (sodium fluoride 0.05%, 1 time a day, preferably at night before bed) help protect tooth enamel and inhibits adherence of plaque. This solution should not be swallowed. Whenever possible, patients should lead to their office Brushing brushes to practice under the supervision of an orthodontist.